(b) `benefit` means, in respect of a Contracting Party, the benefits listed and defined in Article 2 and, unless otherwise specified, all sums, increases or supplements to be paid in addition to that benefit or in respect of a person entitled to that amount under the social security law of that Party; 3. If an institution, tribunal or tribunal postpones or orders the recovery of a social security claim or orders or orders the payment of a social security claim in instalments, the five-year period referred to in clause 1(a)(iv) shall be extended by the deferral period or, as the case may be, the period during which the debt is to be paid in instalments. 2. In the application of this Agreement by a Contracting Party to a person, any conceptual concept not defined in this Article shall have the meaning assigned to it by the social security law of a Party, unless the context requires another. Access to most Australian social security payments was changed from 26 February 2001. After this date, only New Zealanders who settle in Australia can hold a permanent residence visa or have Australian nationality and reside in Australia, apply for all social security payments. New Zealanders who visited Australia on 26 February 2001 were not affected by the regime change and there were other limited exceptions. The Department of Human Services – International Services may provide information on these exceptions. is entitled to a benefit outside New Zealand only if he is entitled to that benefit under a reciprocal social security agreement concluded by New Zealand with that third country.
8. All information transmitted to a competent institution under this Agreement shall be protected in the same way as information obtained under the social security law of the receiving Contracting Party. 2. A reference to a benefit under this Article, in respect of Australia, is a pension, benefit or allowance to be paid under the laws of the Australian Social Security Act, as amended from time to time, and, in respect of New Zealand, any pension, benefit, allowance or advance paid by a competent institution, including surcharges; which result from the payment of Australian and New Zealand benefits. New Zealanders who travel to Australia without obtaining a permanent residence visa, i.e. holders of a special category visa, can access certain social security benefits covered by the Social Security Agreement between Australia and New Zealand. For more information about the agreement, see below. 2. As regards New Zealand, section 99(4) of the Privacy Act 1993 shall apply, with all necessary amendments, to an agreement between the competent institutions of the Parties in accordance with clause 1(d)(1). If a person is entitled to a benefit under New Zealand social security law (including a person entitled under article 8), unless he or she does not have habitual residence and residence in New Zealand at the time of application for that benefit, that person shall be deemed to have his or her habitual residence and residence in New Zealand for the purposes of this application; (a) the amount of that benefit does not include any additional benefits or allowances that would be due under New Zealand social security law if that person were established in New Zealand; All these agreements are based on the concept of shared responsibility.
Shared responsibility agreements are reciprocal….