The National Constitutional Review Commission (NCRC) was established on 23 April 2005. The NCRC had 60 members. The National Congress Party and splm had insisted on „applying general power-sharing quotas agreed in the January agreement, which give them 52 percent and 28 percent of seats, respectively, so that other parties have 20 percent and do not have the power to block decisions.“ 1 Some opposition parties must not participate in the constitutional form. Nevertheless, after the arrival of the SPLM political advisers in Khartoum, the drafting of the interim constitution was swift.2 The Commission began its work on 30 April and was expected to complete its task within six weeks. Sudan`s opposition bloc, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), also joined the constitutional process after the signing of a pioneering agreement with Khartoum in Cairo in June 2005. It appointed 27 members to participate in the NCRC.3 The draft Transitional Constitution was adopted on 6 July 2005 by the National Assembly and the National Liberation Council of the SPLM. The Constitution entered into force on 9 July 2005.4 1.14 The national government cannot withhold an allowance from a state/region or the government of Southern Sudan. Any level of government may initiate proceedings before the Constitutional Court if another body or level with withdrew the funds due to it. The national government makes transfers to the government of South Sudan on the basis of established principles. (Footnote: the issue of nomenclature is resolved in the power-sharing agreement.) The United Nations has closely followed and supported the regional peace initiative under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). M.
Mohamed Sahnoun, Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, and other senior officials represented the United Nations at IGAD summit meetings and consulted with regional Governments and organizations supporting the peace process. They also participated in meetings of the IGAD Partners Forum, composed of donor countries and organizations that support the IGAD peace process and help the regional organization improve its capacity in several areas. The SPLM announced that it would return to government on 13 December 2007 following an agreement. The agreement stipulates that the seat of government will rotate every three months between Juba and Khartoum, while it would seem that this will be largely symbolic, as will the financing of a census (essential to the referendum) and a timetable for the withdrawal of troops by the border.  The cessation of hostilities between the SAF and the SPLA must take place within 72 hours of the signing of the CPA. However, many ceasefire violations have taken place since then. There has been little outrage and demobilization since none of the others trusted. The integrated units (JAI) joints, which included both the SAF and SPLA forces, never functioned properly and became a source of instability.
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